People > Dr James Fishwick

Dr James Fishwick

Bio-Optical Oceanographer

Contact Details

+44 (0)1752 633100 (switchboard)


Dr James Fishwick is a higher scientific officer at PML.  Prior to joining PML in August 2000 he studied Marine Biology and Oceanography as an undergraduate at the University of Wales, Bangor.  During his time at PML James has successfully completed a PhD at the University of Plymouth; investigating the biological and photo-physiological interactions between phytoplankton functional types.

James started his career at PML as a Bio-Optical Oceanographer and took part in several field campaigns for the calibration and validation of both NASA and ESA satellites.  James has always played a key role in the Western Channel Observatory and now holds the position of Operational Manager.  His role is diverse and far reaching from the day to day scientific organisation to his responsibility for the sampling platforms and sensors; including the autonomous data buoy project.  James was responsible for the purchase and installation of the Seabird rosette system and the state of the art scientific underway analysis suite on board the R.V. Plymouth Quest.

James maintains a research interest in bio-optical interactions in the marine environment, conducting several major field campaigns as well as his time series analysis within the observatory.  He has authored and co-authored considerable scientific papers, NASA technical reports, conference proceedings and magazine articles.  He has also attended numerous conferences and workshops internationally, giving both oral and poster presentations of his work.

James also has responsibilities for the ‘PML Explorer’, which is a purpose built 7m rigid inflatable research vessel, including all aspects of management and operation.



Combining Autonomous observations and Models for Predicting and Understanding Shelf seas

Contact: Professor Icarus Allen

CAMPUS is a three-year project (2018–2021), funded by the Natural Environment Research Council, combining state-of-the-art computer modelling...

S-3 EUROHAB - Sentinel products for detecting EUtROphication and Harmful Algal Bloom events

S-3 EUROHAB - Sentinel products for detecting EUtROphication and Harmful Algal Bloom events

Contact: Dr Gavin Tilstone

S-3 EUROHAB will use the latest satellite technology to improve the way water quality and harmful algal blooms (HABs) are monitored in the English...

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Recent publications

  • Yang, M; Bell, TG; Brown, IJ; Fishwick, J; Kitidis, V; Nightingale, PD; Rees, AP; Smyth, TJ. 2019 Insights from year-long measurements of air–water CH4 and CO2 exchange in a coastal environment. Biogeosciences, 16 (5). 961-978.
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  • Brewin, RJW; Smale, DA; Moore, PJ; Dall’Olmo, G; Miller, PI; Taylor, BH; Smyth, TJ; Fishwick, J; Yang, M. 2018 Evaluating Operational AVHRR Sea Surface Temperature Data at the Coastline Using Benthic Temperature Loggers. Remote Sensing, 10 (6), 925. 1-23.
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  • Fishwick, J. 2017 The Use of Autonomous Sampling Platformswith Particular Reference to Moored Data Buoys. In: Uncles, RJ; Mitchell, SB, (eds.) Estuarine and Coastal Hydrography and Sediment Transport. uk, Cambridge University Press, 332pp.
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  • Brewin, RJW; de Mora, L; Billson, O; Jackson, T; Russell, P; Brewin, TG; Shutler, J; Miller, PI; Taylor, BH; Smyth, TJ; Fishwick, J. 2017 Evaluating operational AVHRR sea surface temperature data at the coastline using surfers. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 196. 276-289.
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  • Smyth, TJ; Atkinson, A; Widdicombe, S; Frost, MT; Allen, JI; Fishwick, J; Queiros, AM; Sims, DW; Barange, M. 2015 The Western Channel Observatory. Progress in Oceanography, 137. 335-341.
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  • Queiros, AM; Stephens, N; Cook, R; Ravaglioli, C; Nunes, J; Dashfield, SL; Harris, C; Tilstone, GH; Fishwick, J; Braeckman, U; Somerfield, PJ; Widdicombe, S. 2015 Can benthic community structure be used to predict the process of bioturbation in real ecosystems. Progress in Oceanography.
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Selected key publications

Kitidis, V., Hardman-Mountford, N.J., Litt, E., Brown, I., Cummings, D., Hartman, S., Hydes, D., Fishwick, J.R., Harris, C., Martinez-Vicente, V., Woodward, E.M.S.,  Smyth, T.J., (2012). Seasonal dynamics of the carbonate system in the Western English Channel.  Continental Shelf Research, 42, 30-40.

Fishwick, J.R., Mason, P. and Gallienne, C., (2011).  Long-Term Autonomous Data Buoys for Monitoring the English Channel.  Recently Overhauled Buoy Systems Measure Parameters Missed by Boat Surveys, Enhance Collection of Biogeochemical Data.  Sea Technology, 52(10), 17-22.

Smyth, T.J., Fishwick, J.R., Al-Moosawi, L., Cummings, D.G., Harris, C., Kitidis, V., Rees, A., Martinez-Vicente, V., Woodward, E.M.S., (2010).  A broad spatio-temporal view of the Western English Channel observatory.  Journal of Plankton Research, 32(5), 585-601.

Fishwick,J.R., Smyth, T.J., Gallienne, C., (2010) Data Buoyed.  International Ocean Systems March/April 2010.
Martinez-Vicente, V., Land, P.E., Tilstone, G.H., Widdicombe, C., and Fishwick, J.R., (2010).  Particulate scattering and backscattering related to water constituents and seasonal changes in the Western English Channel.  Journal of Plankton Research, 32(5), 603-619.

Smyth, T.J., Fishwick, J.R., Gallienne, C., Stephens, J.A., and Bale, J.A., (2010).  Technology, Design, and Operation of an Autonomous Buoy System in the Western English Channel.  Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 27, 2056-2064.

Archer, S.D., Cummings, D.G., Llewellyn, C.A., Fishwick, J.R., (2009) Phytoplankton taxa, irradiance and nutrient availability determine the seasonal cycle of DMSP in temperate shelf seas.  Marine Ecology Progress Series, 394, 111-124

Groom, S., Martinez-Vicente, V., Fishwick, J.R., Tilstone, G., Moore, G., Smyth, T.J. & Harbour, D., (2009).  The western English Channel observatory: Optical characteristics of station L4.  Journal of Marine Systems. 15, 20-50

Robinson, C., Tilstone, G.H., Rees, A.P., Smyth, T.J., Fishwick, J.R., Tarran, G.A., Luz, B., Barkan, E. and  Efrat, D., 2009.  Comparison of in vitro and in situ plankton production determinations.  Aquatic Microbial Ecology.  54 (1), 13-34

Fishwick, J.R.,Smyth, T.J., Gallienne, C., (2010).  Autonomous scientific data buoys enhance a century of scientific monitoring in the Western English Channel Observatory (WCO).  Oceanology conference proceedings. March 2010

Fishwick, J.R., Aiken, J., Barlow, R., Sessions, H., Bernard, S. and Ras, J. (2006). Functional relationships and bio-optical traits derived from phytoplankton pigments, optical and photosynthetic parameters; a case study of the Benguela ecosystem. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom86,1267-1280.