People > Dr Carol Turley

Dr Carol Turley

PML Senior Scientist

Contact Details

+44 (0)1752 633100 (switchboard)


Dr Carol Turley’s research has been centred on the ocean’s biogeochemical cycles looking at habitats from shallow and deep-sea sediments, estuaries, frontal systems to large enclosed waters.

In the last 10 years she became interested in ocean acidification and was a member of The Royal Society Working Group on ocean acidification and a Lead Author on the 2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 4th Assessment Report on Climate Change and a Review Editor for the 5th IPCC Assessment Report. She was a UK nominated expert at the scoping meeting for the IPCC Special Report on Climate Change, the Ocean and the Cryosphere in 2016. She was/is a member of the Executive Board of the EU funded European Project on Ocean Acidification (EPOCA), the EU funded Mediterranean Sea Acidification in a Changing Climate (MedSeA) project and is the Knowledge Exchange Coordinator for the UK Ocean Acidification (UKOA) Research Programme funded by NERC, Defra and DECC. She is a member of the SOLAS-IMBER Ocean Acidification Working Group, chairs the Advisory Board for the Ocean Acidification-International Coordination Centre at the IAEA, Monaco and is a founding member of the international Ocean Acidification Reference User Group. She is a member of the international Science Advisory Boards for the German and US national ocean acidification programmes.

Dr Turley has contributed to stakeholder or policy targeted publications with MCCIP, WMO, The World Bank, UNEP, IUCN, IAEA and IOC-UNESCO. She has given evidence to the UNFCCC SBSTA in Bonn and since 2009 presented at side-events at the annual UN Conferences on Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP) culminating in the latest one in Marrakech in 2016 (COP22), at the Earth Summit Rio+20 in 2012, at the UN in New York in 2013 and the Convention on Biological Diversity COP in S. Korea in 2014. She spoke at the Ocean Acidification Panel, at the Our Ocean Summit at the US State Department in 2014 attended by Heads of State from 80 countries.

She briefs a wide range of interested global stakeholders including UK Government departments, Ministers and Chief Scientists on the latest science of ocean acidification, warming and deoxygenation and has presented in the Houses of Parliament and European Parliament. She has published and presented on a wide range of topics within the field of ocean acidification, ranging from its cause, chemistry, impacts and the potential social, economic and political consequences. She has over 130 peer reviewed publications and has been an invited speaker at numerous international conferences. She received an OBE for services to science in the 2011 New Year’s Honours List.

Carol is in receipt of a NERC knowledge exchange open fellowship which enables her to do much of the science policy work, this gives impact to NERC funded research.


Pathways and emissions of climate-relevant trace gases in a changing Arctic Ocean (PETRA)

Contact: Dr Andy Rees

The Arctic Ocean is a rapidly changing environment, with rising temperatures leading to an ongoing decline in sea ice and shifting conditions for...

UK Ocean Acidification Research Programme (UKOA)
UK Ocean Acidification Research Programme (UKOA)

Contact: Dr Carol Turley

The 5 year UK Ocean Acidification Research Programme (UKOA) worked alongside international partner programmes as the UK’s response to...

Other key projects

NERC, Defra and DECC: KE coordination for the UK ocean acidification Research Programme (2010-2015)

NERC: KE award for production of a film on ocean acidification (2010-2013)

EU FP7: Mediterranean Ocean Acidification in a Changing Climate (MedSeA)(2010-2013)

RCUK: UKERC Energy and Environment theme (2009-2012)

EU FP7: European Project on Ocean Acidification (EPOCA)(2008-2012)

Selected key publications

Fischlin, A., Midgley, G.F., Price, J.T., Leemans, R., Gopal, B., Turley, C., Rounsevell, M.D.A., Dube, O.P., Tarazona, J. and Velichko, A.A., 2007. Climate change 2007: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC fourth assessment report: climate change.

Gooday, A.J., Turley, C.M. and Allen, J.A., 1990. Responses by benthic organisms to inputs of organic material to the ocean floor: a review [and discussion. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 331(1616), pp.119-138.

Lampitt, R.S., Wishner, K.F., Turley, C.M. and Angel, M.V., 1993. Marine snow studies in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean: distribution, composition and role as a food source for migrating plankton. Marine Biology, 116(4), pp.689-702.

Lochte, K. and Turley, C.M., 1988. Bacteria and cyanobacteria associated with phytodetritus in the deep sea. Nature, 333(6168), pp.67-69.

Raven, J., Caldeira, K., Elderfield, H., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Liss, P., Riebesell, U., Shepherd, J., Turley, C. and Watson, A., 2005. Ocean acidification due to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide. The Royal Society.

Thiel, H., Pfannkuche, O., Schriever, G., Lochte, K., Gooday, A.J., Hemleben, C., Mantoura, R.F.G., Turley, C.M., Patching, J.W. and Riemann, F., 1989. Phytodetritus on the deep-sea floor in a central oceanic region of the Northeast Atlantic. Biological Oceanography, 6(2), pp.203-239.

Other activities

Member of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Informal Preparatory Working Group 3 (IPWG3) - “Climate change, ocean acidification and impact reduction on marine biodiversity and ecosystems” (2017-)

Member of the Scientific Committee for the IPCC Scholarship Programme (2017-)

Member of the Science Advisory Board for the Wendy Schmidt Ocean Health XPRIZE (2014-)

IPCC 5th Assessment Report on Climate Change, Review Editor (2010-2014)

Mediterranean Sea Acidification in a Changing Sea project Scientific Steering Group (2011-)

Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry (OCB) Ocean Acidification subcommittee (OCB-OA) (2011-)

Mediterranean Reference User Group on ocean acidification (MRUG) (2011-)

German BIOACID Ocean Acidification Programme Scientific Steering Group (2009-)

Research Councils UK Energy Programme Scientific Steering Group (2009-)

Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) Scientific Advisory Board (2008- )

International Ocean Acidification Reference User Group (2008-)

European Project on Ocean Acidification Executive Board (EPOCA) (2008- )

Royal Society's Climate Change Advisory Network (2006- 2012)

IPCC 4th Assessment Report Working Group II Lead Author (2005-2007)

SOLAS-IMBER Ocean Acidification Working Group (2010-)