Jerry Blackford

Head of Science - Marine Ecosystems Models & Predictions (MEMP)

Jerry Blackford

Contact Details

+44 (0)1752 633100 (switchboard)

Jerry Blackford has a 25 year career specialising in marine system modelling being involved in the development and application of ERSEM since it’s conception in 1991. In recent years he has been particularly concerned with the interaction of high CO2 with marine systems, in the context of Climate Change and Ocean Acidification as well as leading environmental risk assessment and monitoring research for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS).

He has been actively researching CCS since 2004, in a wide range of projects, including as a work package leader in the EU funded RISCS and ECO2 programmes and as Principle Investigator in the UK funded QICS project which developed a world-first release of CO2 into shallow marine sediments. He is a work package and institute lead for the recently funded STEMM-CCS Horizons 2020 project, focused on operational monitoring for offshore CCS. He is also a founding co-I on the UK CCS Research Centre leading the environment research theme. He has links with several international researchers in the field of CCS, including Japan, Australia and the US, as well as within Europe.

Concerning Climate and Ocean Acidification he has pioneered the development of local and regional scale projections, including impacts and feedbacks to ecosystems, leading a NERC-Defra funded project investigating the evolution of ocean acidification in shelf seas and publishing in Nature Climate Change. He advises and contributes to the International Ocean Acidification Research Users Advisory Group, based in Monaco.

More generally he is involved in developing marine system models for a wide range of applications, including in the BBSRC-NERC funded ROSA Aquaculture project and the NERC funded Shelf Seas Biogeochemistry program. He has published over 70 articles with in excess of 1700 citations.

Key Projects

2015 STEMM-CCS, Operational monitoring for offshore storage, Horizon 2020.
2015 Risks and Opportunities for Sustainable Aquaculture, BBSRC-NERC.
2014 The transport and fate of microscopic plastic debris in marine environments, NERC.
2014 Marine Ecosystem Research Programme, NERC.
2013 Integrative Modelling for Shelf Seas Biogeochemistry , NERC Shelf Seas Biogeochemistry.
2013 Biogeochemistry, macronutrient and carbon cycling in the benthic layer, NERC Shelf Seas Biogeochemistry.
2012 H+ fluxes in phytoplankton - physiological roles and responses to ocean acidification.
2012 Integrated Marine Biogeochemical Modelling Network to Support UK Earth System Research.
2012 UK CCSRC: UK CCS Research Centre, Environment theme lead & coordination group.
2010 ECO2: Sub-seabed CO2 Storage: Impact on Marine Ecosystems. EU FW 7, Co-ordination group
2009 ROAM: Regional Impacts of Ocean Acidification – A Modelling Study. NERC OA Theme. Project lead.
2009 QICS: Quantifying Ecosystem Impacts of Carbon Storage. RCUK Energy theme / NERC. Consortium lead.
2009 Benthic Ocean Acidification. NERC OA Research Project.
2009 RISCS: Research into Impacts and Safety in CO2 storage. EU framework 7 Energy Theme. Co-ordination group.

Publications

Butenschön, M., Clark, J., Aldridge, J. N., Allen, J. I., Artioli, Y., Blackford, J., Bruggeman, J., Cazenave, P., Ciavatta, S., Kay, S., Lessin, G., van Leeuwen, S., van der Molen, J., de Mora, L., Polimene, L., Sailley, S., Stephens, N., and Torres, R.: ERSEM 15.06: a generic model for marine biogeochemistry and the ecosystem dynamics of the lower trophic levels, Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss., 8, 7063-7187, doi:10.5194/gmdd-8-7063-2015, 2015.

Jerry Blackford, Henrik Stahl, Jun Kita, Toru Sato. 2015. Preface to the QICS special issue. Int J of Greenhouse Gas Control, 38, 1. 10.1016/j.ijggc.2015.03.024

D G Jones, S E Beaubien, J C Blackford, E M Foekema, J Lions, C De Vittor, J M West, S Widdicombe, C Hauton and A M Queirós, 2015. Developments since 2005 in understanding potential environmental impacts of CO2 leakage from geological storage. Int J of Greenhouse Gas Control, 40, 350-377.  Doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2015.05.032

Flynn, K. J.; Clark, D. R.; Mitra, A.; Fabian, H.; Hansen, P. J.; Glibert, P. M.; Wheeler, G. L.; Stoecker, D. K.; Blackford, J. C.; Brownlee, C.. 2015 Ocean acidification with (de)eutrophication will alter future phytoplankton growth and succession. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 282 (1804). 20142604.         
                                                                                                             
Leslie Mabon, Simon Shackley, Jerry C Blackford, Henrik Stahl and Anuschka Miller. Local perceptions of the QICS experimental offshore CO2 release: results from social science research. Int. J. Greenhouse Gas Control. 10.1016/j.ijggc.2014.10.022.

Phelps, J.J.C, Blackford, J.C., Holt, J.T., Polton, J.A. Modelling Large-Scale CO2 Leakages in the North Sea. Int. J. Greenhouse Gas Control. 10.1016/j.ijggc.2014.10.013.

Jerry Blackford, Jonathan M. Bull, Melis Cevatoglu, Douglas Connelly, Chris Hauton, Rachael H. James, Anna Lichtschlag, Henrik Stahl, Steve Widdicombe, Ian C. Wright. Marine baseline and monitoring strategies for Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CCS) Int. J. Greenhouse Gas Control. 10.1016/j.ijggc.2014.10.004.

Queiros, AM; Bruggeman, J; Stephens, N; Artioli, Y; Butenschon, M; Blackford, JC; Widdicombe, S; Allen, JI; Somerfield, PJ. 2014 Placing biodiversity in ecosystem models without getting lost in translation. Journal of Sea Research. 10.1016/j.seares.2014.10.004.

Peter Taylor, Henrik Stahl, Mark E. Vardy, Jonathan M. Bull, Maxine Akhurst, Chris Hauton, Rachel H. James, Anna Lichtschlag, Dave Long, Dmitry Aleynik, Matthew Toberman, Mark Naylor, Douglas Connelly, Dave Smith, Martin D.J. Sayer, Steve Widdicombe, Ian C. Wright, Jerry Blackford. A novel sub-seabed CO2 release experiment informing monitoring and impact assessment for geological carbon storage Int. J. Greenhouse Gas Control. 10.1016/j.ijggc.2014.09.007.

Blackford, JC; Stahl, H; Bull, JM; Bergès, BJP; Cevatoglu, M; Lichtschlag, A; Connelly, DP; James, RH; Kita, J; Long, D; Naylor, M; Shitashima, K; Smith, D; Taylor, P; Wright, I; Akhurst, M; Chen, B; Gernon, TM; Hauton, C; Hayashi, M; Kaieda, H; Leighton, TG; Sato, T; Sayer, MDJ; Suzumura, M; Tait, K; Vardy, ME; White, PR; Widdicombe, S. 2014 Detection and impacts of leakage from sub-seafloor deep geological carbon dioxide storage. Nature Climate Change. 10.1038/NClimate2381.

Talmy, D; Blackford, JC; Hardman-Mountford, NJ; Polimene, L; Follows, MJ; Geider, RJ. 2014 Flexible C : N ratio enhances metabolism of large phytoplankton when resource supply is intermittent. Biogeosciences, 11 (17). 4881-4895. 10.5194/bg-11-4881-2014.

Artioli, Y; Blackford, JC; Nondal, G; Bellerby, RGJ; Wakelin, SL; Holt, JT; Butenschon, M; Allen, JI. 2014 Heterogeneity of impacts of high CO2 on the North Western European Shelf. Biogeosciences, 11 (3). 601-612. 10.5194/bg-11-601-2014.

David Talmy, Jerry Blackford, Nick Hardman-Mountford, Alex J. Dumbrell, and Richard J. Geider. 2013. An optimality model of photoadaptation in contrasting aquatic light regimes. Limnology and Oceanography, 58, 1802-1818. 10.4319/lo.2013.58.5.1802

Blackford, JC; Torres, R; Artioli, Y; Cazenave, P. 2013 Modelling dispersion of CO2 plumes in sea water as an aid to monitoring and understanding ecological impact. Energy Procedia, 37. 3379 - 3386. 10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.226.

Blackford, JC; Kita, J. 2013 A novel experimental release of CO2 in the marine environment to aid monitoring and impact assessment. Energy Procedia, 37. 3387 - 3393. 10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.227.

Allen, JI, Blackford, JC, Fulton, B, Cheung, W., 2013. Overview of the third Advances in Marine Ecosystem Modelling Research (AMEMR) Symposium, 27-30 June 2011, Plymouth. Journal of Marine Systems, 125, 1-2.

Shutler, J; Land, PE; Brown, CW; Findlay, HS; Donlon, CJ; Medland, M; Snooke, R; Blackford, JC. 2013 Coccolithophore surface distributions in the North Atlantic and their modulation of the air-sea flux of CO2 from 10 years of satellite Earth observation data. Biogeosciences, 10 (4). 2699-2709. 10.5194/bg-10-2699-2013.

Flynn, KJ; Blackford, JC; Baird, ME; Raven, J; Clark, DR; Beardall, J; Brownlee, C; Fabian, H; Wheeler, G. 2012 Changes in pH at the exterior surface of plankton with ocean acidification. Nature Climate Change, 2. 510 - 513. 10.1038/NClimate1489.

Artioli, Y; Blackford, JC; Butenschon, M; Holt, JT; Wakelin, SL; Thomas, H; Borges, AV; Allen, JI. 2012 The carbonate system of the NW. European shelf: sensitivity and model validation. Journal of Marine Systems, 102-10. 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2012.04.006.

Wakelin, SL; Holt, JT; Blackford, JC; Allen, JI; Butenschon, M; Artioli, Y. 2012 Modeling the carbon fluxes of the northwest European continental shelf: Validation and budgets.. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117, C05020. 10.1029/2011jc007402.

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