Food security

One of the greatest challenges facing our world is how to feed an ever-increasing global population in a context of climate change, economic uncertainty and growing competition for natural resources. The sustainability of fisheries is crucial to the livelihoods, food security and nutrition of billions of people, but fish stocks are under threat due to overfishing, and many other pressures including pollution and coastal development. In order to maintain and even restore the productivity of the ocean we need to ensure cohesive fisheries management, sustainable aquaculture practices and protection of key habitats.

At PML we aim to improve the security of food resources by understanding the drivers of food-webs supporting them; by striving to understand how environmental and climate change impact these living resources and their distribution; by modelling marine productivity and ecosystems to drive fisheries models investigating different climate and management strategies; by understanding that food resource exploitation occurs within a diversity of other marine resource uses, and that managing these often conflicting interests requires an understanding the structure of their associated economy.

Aquaculture or farming of both shellfish and finfish is a huge global industry which will likely have to expand to meet future needs. Our research can help to better understand how aquaculture interacts with the changing surrounding environment and how it may be affected by climate and other human-induced changes.

Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing is also causing a humanitarian and ecological crisis with current rates of fishing driving several species towards extinction whilst jeopardising the livelihoods of artisanal fishing communities. We are using the latest satellite tracking technology to develop robust methodologies to detect and track vessels engaged in illegal fishing and dumping activities, monitor pollution from these vessels and to develop indicators to monitor local issues under the UN Sustainable Development Goal – Life Under Water. By engaging with local communities, managers, and international policy makers, we can tailor these and other science tools to support the development of solutions underpinning food security.

Making a difference

Our work will provide the scientific background and monitoring capabilities for greater transparency and sustainable management of fisheries to help avoid the irreversible depletion of fish stocks, thus enhancing food and economic security whilst maintaining the health of our ocean.

Projects

TAPAS

Tools for Assessment and Planning of Aquaculture Sustainability (TAPAS)

Contact: Stefan Simis

The Tools for Assessment and Planning of Aquaculture Sustainability (TAPAS) project is working to create cost-efficient management tools and...

ACCORD

Addressing Challenges of Coastal Communities through Ocean Research for Developing Economies (ACCORD)

Contact: Professor Steve Widdicombe

The coastal and marine environments of South East Asia and the Western Indian Ocean (the regional foci of ACCORD) are rich and diverse, possessing...

GCRF Blue Communities

GCRF Blue Communities

Contact: Professor Melanie Austen

GCRF Blue Communities is a 4 year research capacity-building programme for marine planning in East and South-East (E/SE) Asia, funded by UK...

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News

€7 million project to support sustainable growth in aquaculture

With concerns around sustainability of food security continuing to rise, a team of European aquaculture experts, including scientists from PML, will begin a four-year study worth almost €7 million to establish new strategies and models for sustainable growth in the industr...

News

Secretary of State for Defence visits PML

The Secretary of State for Defence, the Rt Hon Michael Fallon MP , visited PML this week to learn about some of the internationally-renowned marine research being undertaken in Britain’s Ocean City.

News

Size matters for fish in a changing climate

A recent Planet Earth Online article outlines the surprising impacts that climate change will have on fish populations around the world - specifically the increase of available fish stocks in some continental shelf-sea regions in comparison to a potential dramatic fall of ...

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Related recent publications

  1. Andrello, M; Guilhaumon, F; Albouy, C; Parravicini, V; Scholtens, J; Verley, P; Barange, M; Sumaila, UR; Manel, S; Mouillot, D. 2017 Global mismatch between fishing dependency and larval supply from marine reserves. Nature Communications, 8. 16039. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms16039
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  2. Tittensor, DP; Eddy, TD; Lotze, HK; Galbraith, ED; Cheung, W; Barange, M; Blanchard, JL; Bopp, L; Bryndum-Buchholz, A; Büchner, M; Bulman, C; Carozza, DA; Christensen, V; Coll, M; Dunne, JP; Fernandes, JA; Fulton, EA; Hobday, AJ; Huber, V; Jennings, S; Jones, M; Lehodey, P; Link, JS; Mackinson, S; Maury, O; Niiranen, S; Oliveros-Ramos, R; Roy, T; Schewe, J; Shin, Y-J; Silva, T; Stock, CA; Steenbeek, J; Underwood, PJ; Volkholz, J; Watson, JR; Walker, ND. 2018 A protocol for the intercomparison of marine fishery and ecosystem models: Fish-MIP v1.0. Geoscientific Model Development, 11 (4). 1421-1442. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-11-1421-2018
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  3. Schmidt, W; Raymond, D; Parish, D; Ashton, IG; Miller, PI; Campos, C; Shutler, JD. 2018 Design and operation of a low-cost and compact autonomous buoy system for use in coastal aquaculture and water quality monitoring. Aquaculture Engineering, 80. 28-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaeng.2017.12.002
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  4. Jones, AC; Mead, A; Kaiser, MJ; Austen, MC; Adrian, AW; Auchterlonie, NA; Black, KD; Blow, LR; Bury, C; Brown, JH; Burnell, GM; Connolly, E; Dingwall, A; Derrick, S; Eno, NC; Gautier, DJH; Green, KA; Gubbins, M; Hart, PR; Holmyard, JM; Immink, AJ; Jarrad, DL; Katoh, E; Langley, JCR; Lee, DOC; Le Vay, L; Leftwich, CP; Mitchell, M; Moore, A; Murray, AG; McLaren, EMR; Norbury, H; Parker, D; Parry, SO; Purchase, D; Rahman, A; Sanver, F; Siggs, M; Simpson, SD; Slaski, RJ; Smith, K; Syvret, MLQ; Tibbott, C; Thomas, PC; Turnbull, J; Whiteley, R; Whittles, M; Wilcockson, MJ; Wilson, J; Dicks, LV; Sutherland, WJ. 2014 Prioritization of knowledge needs for sustainable aquaculture: a national and global perspective. Fish and Fisheries, 16 (4). 668-683. https://doi.org/10.1111/faf.12086
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  5. Bene, C; Barange, M; Subasinghe, R; Pinstrup-Andersen, P; Merino, G; Hemre, G-I; Williams, M. 2015 Feeding 9 billion by 2050 – Putting fish back on the menu [in special issue: Feeding 9 billion: Challenges and Choices for 2050] Food Security, 7 (2). 261. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-015-0427-z
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