People > Dr Muchamad Al Azhar

Dr Muchamad Al Azhar

Ocean Modeller

Contact Details

+44 (0)1752 633100 (switchboard)


Dr Al Azhar joined PML as a Marine Ecosystem Modeller in December 2018. His main research interest is development and implementation of coupled circulation and biogeochemical ocean models to investigate plausible impact of ecosystem changes to the marine environments under the present day and future climate projections.

Prior to joining PML, he was a Postdoctoral Associate at the New York University Abu Dhabi (2015-2018) where he simulated role of sinking organic carbon in generating the contrast strength of low oxygen waters between the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal in the northern Indian Ocean using the coupled models. There, he also modelled recent trends of low oxygen volumes in the Arabian Sea, as well as simulated impact of atmospheric depositions to the primary productivity in that basin. Additionally, he implemented an operational ocean model in the Arabian/Persian Gulf that was applied to track oil spills and algae blooms events when he worked as a Postdoctoral Scientist in Masdar Institute Abu Dhabi (2014-2015).

Al obtained his PhD from the University of Copenhagen (2013) with a focus on the coupling between nitrogen, phosphorus, oxygen and sulfur cycles in a regional ocean model. He applied the developed model to understand the importance of shelf-ocean exchange for the development of bottom water anoxia associated with different continental shelf geometries.


South Asian Nitrogen Hub

Contact: Dr Yuri Artioli

The South Asian Nitrogen Hub is a pioneering UK-South Asia research partnership to enable South Asia to adopt and champion a strategic approach to...

Selected key publications

Al Azhar, M., Lachkar, Z., Lévy, M. & Smith, S. 2017. Oxygen minimum zone contrasts between the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal implied by differences in remineralization depth. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 11,106–11,114. doi: 10.1002/2017GL075157.

Al Azhar, M., M. Temimi, J. Zhao & H. Ghedira. 2016. Modeling of circulation in the Arabian Gulf and the Sea of Oman: Skill assessment and seasonal thermohaline structure, Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 121, 1700–1720, doi: 10.1002/2015JC011038.

Zhao, J., M. Temimi, M. Al Azhar & H. Ghedira. 2017. Analysis of bloom conditions in fall 2013 in the Strait of Hormuz using satellite observations and model simulations. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 115(1), 315–23, doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.12.024.

J. Zhao, M. Temimi, M. Al Azhar & H. Ghedira. 2015. Satellite-Based Tracking of Oil Pollution in the Arabian Gulf and the Sea of Oman, Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 41(2): doi: 10.1080/07038992.2015.1042543.

Azhar, M.A., Canfield, D.E., Fennel, K., Thamdrup, B. & C.J. Bjerrum. 2014. A model-based insight into the coupling of nitrogen and sulfur cycles in a coastal upwelling system, Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 119, 264–285, doi: 10.1002/2012JG002271.