First direct measurement of air-sea methanol exchange

First direct measurement of air-sea methanol exchange

dreamstime_Carloscastilla_19455350 

A new study by PML scientists has been published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) describing the first direct measurement of air-sea methanol exchange over the open ocean, along a north-south transect of the Atlantic.

In the surface ocean, methanol is rapidly consumed by marine microbes as a source of carbon and energy. There are many sources of methanol in the atmosphere, including emissions from trees and gases, fossil fuel combustion and industrial fuel use. Methanol is the second most abundant organic gas in the atmosphere and affects the atmospheric chemistry. It is also indirectly linked to climate because the abundance of methanol affects the concentration of the hydroxyl radical – a natural ‘cleansing agent’ of the atmosphere that removes many pollutants in the air (including the major greenhouse gas methane).

Transport of gases between the ocean and the atmosphere, known as ‘air-sea gas exchange’, has profound implications for our environment and the Earth’s climate. The main goal of this study was to understand of how much, and in which direction, methanol is being transferred between the atmosphere and the ocean. The study also utilised methanol as a ‘proxy gas’ with which to study the general physical processes involved in air-sea gas exchange. The rate of transfer of soluble organic compounds like methanol is currently poorly understood, largely due to a scarcity of open-ocean measurements.

The research estimated the global oceanic uptake of methanol and examined the lifespan of this compound in the lower atmosphere and the upper-ocean with respect to gas exchange. It also quantified the rate of methanol deposition and examined the governing processes near the air-sea interface. The study improves our overall understanding of the roles organic compounds play in the atmosphere as well as ocean.

Other recent news articles

News

PML researcher joins NERC Science Committee

PML's Professor Nicola Beaumont has become one of four new members of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Science Committee .

News

Research sheds light on diatom bloom formation

Scientists have described how diatoms (a type of eukaryotic algae) can sense phosphorus, demonstrating a new role for calcium ion signalling in eukaryotes for the first time. 

News

Season's Greetings from PML Group

This year has been difficult for so many people due to the COVID-19 pandemic. We’re incredibly grateful to all key workers and those who have helped their communities during this time.