Dr Paul Somerfield

Principal Investigator: Marine ecology and biodiversity

Dr Paul Somerfield

Contact Details

+44 (0)1752 633100 (switchboard)

Dr Paul Somerfield is a Principal Investigator in the Marine ecology and biodiversity group at PML. His primary objectives are to undertake scientific research and to disseminate information through peer reviewed papers, reports, training, student supervision and other means. He has authored and co-authored more than 90 peer-reviewed papers and 10 books.  His primary research interests are the distribution and functioning of biodiversity.  His work integrates research across levels of biological organization from viruses to chordates to elucidate scales, causes and consequences of variability in space and time.  He is recognised as an international expert on the application of nonparametric multivariate analysis, and travels widely to provide training courses.

His work has been commissioned from a wide range of customers over the years, including Defra and its predecessors (statistical methods, meiofaunal ecology, pollution monitoring methods, effects of anthropogenic stressors such as dredging, disposal, aquaculture and fishing, biodiversity indicators, ecosystem functioning, mangrove and seagrass ecology, capacity-building), CCW (data analysis, general ecology, advice), NERC (statistical methods, community ecology of benthos, plankton and microbes, long-term monitoring, biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, macroecology, ecosystem modelling, acidification), the European Commission (effects of demersal fishing, effects of MPAs, long-term large-scale ecology, effects of multiple stressors, development of indicators, plankton ecology, modelling, training), MoD (effects of dredging, wrecked ships and oil), National Rivers Authority and Environment Agency (effects of mine effluent, development of multimetrics for WFD), DTI (Strategic Environmental Assessment), Marine Aggregate Levy Sustainability Fund (socioeconomics, effects of dredging, recovery and recoverability) and the Marine Management Organisation (Falmouth Harbour ISAP).

Key Projects

Marine Ecosystems Research Programme (MERP) (2014-2018)

DEVOTES. EU FPVII Integrated Project (2012-2015)

EMBOS. EU COST action ES1003. Management Committee (2010-2014)

GreenSeas. EU FP VII Integrated Project (2010-2013)

VECTORS. EU FP VII Integrated Project (2010-2014)

Other Activities

UK Biodiversity Science Committee

Royal Statistical Society Panel on Statistics for Ecosystem Change

Healthy and Biologically Diverse Seas Evidence Group Benthic Subgroup

ICES Study Group on Climate related Benthic processes in the North Sea (SGCBNS)

Marine Biological Association of the UK (ex Member of Council)

NERC Promotion Panel II

Publications

Ingels, J, Dashfield, SL, Somerfield, PJ, Widdicombe, S, Austen, MC (2014) Interactions between multiple large macrofauna species and nematode communities - mechanisms for indirect impacts of trawling disturbance  J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 456: 41-49

Pearce, B, Fariñas-Franco, J, Wilson, C, Pitts, J, De-Burgh, A, Somerfield, PJ (2014) Repeated mapping of reefs constructed by Sabellaria spinulosa Leuckart 1849 at an offshore wind farm site.  Contl Shelf Res. 83: 3-13

Clark, DR, Brown, I, Rees, AP, Somerfield, PJ, Miller, PI (2014) The influence of ocean acidification on nitrogen regeneration and nitrous oxide production in the North-West European shelf sea. Biogeosciences Discuss. 11: 3113-3165

Smyth, TJ, Allen, JI, Atkinson, A, Bruun, JT, Harmer, RA, Pingree, RD, Widdicombe, CE, Somerfield, PJ (2014) Ocean net heat flux influences seasonal to interannual patterns of plankton abundance. PLoS ONE 9 (6) e98709

Clarke, KR, Gorley, RN, Somerfield, PJ, Warwick, RM (2014) Change in marine communities: an approach to statistical analysis and interpretation, 3rd edn.  PRIMER-E, Plymouth. 256 pp

Lyons, D, Arvanitidis, C, Blight, A, Chatzinikolaou, E, Guy-Haim, T, Kotta, J, Orav-Kotta, H, Queirós, AM, Rilov, G, Somerfield, PJ, Crowe, TP (2014) Macroalgal blooms alter community structure and primary productivity in marine ecosystems.  Global Change Biology 20: 2712-2724

Moore, M. N., Viarengo, A. G., Somerfield, P. J., Sforzini, S. (2013)  Chapter 5: Linking lysosomal biomarkers and ecotoxicological effects at higher biological levels.  In: Amiard-Triquet, C., Amiard, J-C., Rainbow, P. S. (eds) Ecological Biomarkers: Indicators of Ecotoxicological Effects.  CRC Press Ltd, Oxford. Pp. 107-130.

Somerfield, P. J., Warwick, R. M. (2013)  Chapter 6: Meiofauna Techniques.  In: Eleftheriou A. (ed)  Methods for the study of Marine Benthos, 4th Edn.  Wiley-Blackwell Ltd, Oxford. Pp. 253-284.

Forde, J., Shin, P. K. S., Somerfield, P. J., Kennedy, R. (2013)  M-AMBI derived from taxonomic levels higher than species allows Ecological Status assessments of benthic habitats in new geographical areas. Ecological Indicators.  34: 411-419.

McConville, K., Halsband, C., Fileman, E. S., Somerfield, P. J., Findlay, H. S., Spicer, J. I. (2013)  Effects of elevated CO2 on the reproduction of two calanoid copepods.  Mar. Pollut. Bull.  73: 428-434.

Pinto, T. K., Austen, M. C. V., Warwick, R. M., Somerfield, P. J., Esteves, A. M., Castro, F. J. V., Genevois, V. G. F., Santos, P. J. P. (2013)  Nematode diversity in different microhabitats in a mangrove region. Marine Ecology  34: 257-268.

Cooper, K., Burdon, D., Atkins, J. P., Weiss, L., Somerfield, P., Elliott, M., Turner, K., Ware, S., Vivian, C. (2013)  Can the benefits of physical seabed restoration justify the costs?  An assessment of a disused aggregate extraction site off the Thames Estuary, UK. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 75: 33-45.

Queirós, A. M., Birchenough, S., Bremner, J., Godbold, J., Parker, R., Romero-Ramirez, A., Reiss, H., Solan, M., Somerfield, P. J., Van Colen, C., Van Hoey, G., Widdicombe, S. (2013)  A bioturbation classification of European marine infaunal invertebrates. Ecol. Evol.  3: 3958-3985

Somerfield, P. J., Clarke, K. R. (2013)  Inverse analysis in non-parametric multivariate analyses: distinguishing of groups of associated species which covary coherently across samples.  J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 449: 261–273.

Lindeque, P. K., Parry, H. E., Harmer, R. A., Somerfield, P. J., Atkinson, A. (2013)  Next Generation Sequencing Reveals the Hidden Diversity of Zooplankton Assemblages.  PLOS ONE  8 (11): e81327.

Tait, K, Laverock, B, Shaw, J, Somerfield, PJ, Widdicombe, S (2013) Minor impact of ocean acidification to the composition of the active microbial community in an Arctic sediment. Environmental Microbiology Reports  5: 851-860

Widdicombe, S., Somerfield P. J. (2012)  Marine biodiversity: its past development, present status and future threats.  In: Paterson, D. M., Aspen, R. L., Solan, M. (Eds.), Marine Biodiversity Futures and Ecosystem Functioning: frameworks, methodologies and integration. Oxford University Press, Oxford. Pp. 1-15.

Muxika, I., Somerfield, P. J., Borja, A., Warwick, R. M. (2012)  Assessing proposed modifications to the AZTI marine biotic index (AMBI), using biomass and production.  Ecological Indicators 12:96-104.

Gilbert, J. A., Steele, J. A., Caporaso, J. G., Steinbrück, L., Reeder, J., Temperton B., Huse, S., McHardy, A., Knight, R., Joint, I. R., Somerfield, P., Fuhrman, J. A., Field, D. (2012)  Defining seasonal marine microbial community dynamics.  ISME Journal 6:298-308

Tyler, E. H. M., Somerfield, P. J., Vanden Berghe, E., Bremner, J., Jackson, E., Langmead, O., Palomares, M. L. D., Webb, T. J. (2012)  Extensive gaps and biases in our knowledge of a well-known fauna: implications for integrating biological traits into macroecology.  Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 21: 922–934.

Buckland, S. T., Baillie, S. R., Dick, J. McP., Elston, D. A., Magurran, A. E., Scott, E. M. S., Smith, R. I., Somerfield, P. J., Studeny, A. C., Watt, A.  (2012)  How should regional biodiversity be monitored?  Environmental and Ecological Statistics 19: 601–626.

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